KidZone Geography - Canadian Provinces
Ontario, Canada

© Contributed by Leanne Guenther

Ontario mapOntario is the second largest Canadian province (in terms of area) and can be found on the map between Manitoba and Quebec.  Toronto is the capital city of Ontario.

Ottawa, the capital city of Canada, is also in Ontario.

Ontario joined the Canadian Confederation in 1867.

Ontario includes part of "the Great Lakes".  The Great Lakes consist of Lake Erie, Lake Huron, Lake Michigan, Lake Ontario and Lake Superior.  Lake Superior is the largest of the great lakes and also has the largest surface area of any freshwater lake in the world.

The border between Canada (Ontario) and the United States runs through Lake Superior, Lake Huron, Lake Erie and Lake Ontario.  Lake Michigan is entirely in the United States.   Environmental management of the Great Lakes is a joint effort between the two countries.

Check out our brief photo tour of Ontario if you'd like to see more of the scenery of the province.

You can find out a lot of interesting information about Ontario at


parliament buildings

Parliament Buildings in Ottawa, Ontario
Photo by Kaitlyn Guenther

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Source:  WikipediaThe Provincial Flag

The Ontario provincial flag was adopted on May 21, 1965.  The Canadian Red Ensign is used with the Union Jack in the upper left hand corner and the Ontario shield of arms on the right side in the middle.

Source:  WikipediaThe Provincial Flower

The white trillium was adopted as the official flower of Ontario in 1937.  The white trillium blooms in late April and early May.  It begins white, but turns light pink as it ages.  The flower is followed by red berries that ripen to a blue-black color.

loonieSource:  WikipediaThe Provincial Bird

The common loon (or Great Northern loon) is Ontario's official bird.  It was adopted as the provincial bird in June 23, 1994.  It is also the bird pictured on the Canadian $1 coin.

The common loon is water bird that lives on quiet fresh water lakes and rivers.  It is well recognized for it's haunting call.

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